4 jobs in energy efficiency

There's no better time than the present to consider a career in energy efficiency. According to the U.S. Department of Energy, energy management services have become an increasingly important part of the American economy.

In short, issues like energy supply, climate change concerns, volatile energy prices and a desire for greater energy independence have made energy efficiency kind of a big deal.

But what does a job in energy efficiency actually look like? Here are four common careers in the field.

1. Energy Auditor

The first step to being more efficient is finding the inefficiencies. This is the job of an energy auditor. Someone in this position may work for a company or fly solo as an individual consultant. Energy auditors assess homes, buildings, building systems and process systems to see where the energy inefficiencies lie.

Energy auditors are also responsible for making recommendations on energy saving measures like replacing windows, upgrading insulation materials and installing more efficient appliances. When searching for a job as an energy auditor, other titles include:

  • Energy rater.
  • Energy consultant.
  • Building performance consultant.

2. Energy Efficiency Technician

Technicians are the doctors of green careers. Just like doctors specialize in the health of the human body, technicians keep an eye on energy producing systems in a building. Technicians take the vital signs of systems, identifying what's going well and what's not by recording data about them. Then, they use that information to make recommendations about new energy-saving products or methods. People with these jobs are sometimes called energy management technicians.

3. Process Engineer

A lot of information is needed to make sure a project is using energy efficiently; that's where a process engineer comes in. A process engineer's job is all about observing and studying. Some duties might include:

Determining what technology is currently being used;

Conducting a site study to evaluate the location of a building or energy system;

Inspecting the infrastructure or evaluating the quality of the building environment.

Engineers are an important part of the energy efficiency field because all of the information they collect is used in the planning and design phases of a project.

4. Project Manager

Project managers keep energy efficiency projects moving. They make sure that all of the work elements are in sync, and are responsible for planning, directing, coordinating and creating the budget. Basically, project managers focus on the bigger picture—from overseeing design and construction processes to managing other workers—so that other crew members can focus on their specific roles.


Working in this field isn't limited to these four careers. There are tons of careers related to energy efficiency. Want to keep digging? Check out these other possibilities:

  • Building commissioner.
  • Crew leader.
  • Energy sales assessor.
  • Insulation and air ceiling technician.;
  • Marketing and sales professional.